Since 2015Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) have increased by 1,073%, according to the Bloom Women’s Health Observatory. This abysmal rise is a direct result of a lack of sex education, and Andalusia is one of the autonomous communities that do not pass this subject. Nearly 70% of Andalusian women rate their sex education as adequate to very poor.
Poor and lacking sex education is a problem that worries experts at women’s health platform Bloom. Ever since she was arrested a study that warns of the huge knowledge gap in the sexual realm: «The problem of origin is the low level of sexual education that women admit. from our observatory We have drawn a correlation between the increase in STIs and low risk perceptions of sexual practices»says Andrea Aznar, editor-in-chief of this platform.
In Andalusia, 69.4% of women say so His level of sex education is fairly to very poor. However, by province, Malaga is one of those that best rates their knowledge. Only 31.3% of women in Malaga admit to having bad sex education. However, these numbers are still worrying and point to a fundamental problem. “Sex education should be guaranteed by law at different levels of education,” defends Ana Rojas, Bloom researcher.
Far from that goal is the reality that “Their inclusion in the classroom is the responsibility of each school, which it usually introduces via third-party workshops such as NGOs or consulting firms. As a result, this holistic pedagogical intervention in the education system is lost Many and many young people do not get it and have to resort to the internetlearn through trial and error or even resort to pornography,” denounces Rojas.
Lack of awareness of dangers
The traditional lack of attention it has been given over the years leads to a general ignorance that poses a danger. “A well-systematized sex education, with a gender approach and adapted to social needs, would help make risk perceptions more realistic, especially in practices where this is the case There is less knowledge like oral or anal sex» explains Ana Rojas.
The low risk perception, a direct consequence of this ignorance, is another reason for the staggering increase in STIs, these experts suggest: “Since 2015, the prevalence of STIs in women has increased by more than 1,000%. It’s a number that’s not meant to raise social alarm, but rather Raising awareness of the public health problem we have. In addition, this data sends us a message that sexually transmitted infections should not be taboo, nor should people who contract them carry a stigma. These infections are common, we have to normalize that they exist, that they are treated and that nobody lives without risk,” says Andrea Aznar.
Among the STIs that have increased the most over the past seven years are gonorrhea -729% since 2015- and chlamydia -480%-. Infections such as Syphilis, lymphogranuloma venereum, or hepatitis C they have increased by 129%, 178% and 76% in women, respectively. “It is certainly very worrying. But this increase is also due to the progressive improvement of epidemiological surveillance systems,” says Bloom’s editor-in-chief.
Bloom defends the need to end the generational silence that hangs over sex education. In addition to expanding the borders: «We need an education that doesn’t just focus on sex itself and in that traditional alarmism about avoiding pregnancy. It should also focus on people’s affective development, this would bring many benefits when it comes to identifying in all areas from an early age. Learning from desire, consent, boundaries and respect».
All of this would help put an end to all the myths that still surround sexuality. “It would increase understanding and inclusion of different sexual orientations and it would help us have a less polarized conversation about sexual identities» explains Rojas. In addition, he assures: “It has been proven that from an early age it helps to prevent childhood sexual violence and of course in adults it helps to limit toxic dynamics and behaviors.”
A society that is educated to understand sexuality is a more responsible and healthy society. For this, it is essential to foster these safe and formative environments from everyday life and at an early age. In the schools, in the health centers and in the homes themselves, “there is still a lot to do in this area”.
The platform defends that «Sex education is much more than sex. Society should be informed, especially through friendly and close platforms with official information. This education will make many people happier and healthier in their sexual and emotional lives.”